❮PDF / Epub❯ ★ Confucianism Author Daniel K. Gardner – Motyourdrive.co.uk

Confucianism pdf Confucianism , ebook Confucianism , epub Confucianism , doc Confucianism , e-pub Confucianism , Confucianism c434b33d73e First Formulated In The Sixth Century BCE, The Teachings Of Confucius Came To Dominate Chinese Society, Politics, Economics, And Ethics In This Very Short Introduction, Daniel K Gardner Explores The Major Ideas Of The Confucian Tradition, Showing Their Profound Impact On Life In China Over The Last Twenty Six Centuries Gardner Focuses On Two Of The Sage S Most Crucial Philosophical Questions What Makes For A Good Person And What Constitutes Good Government And Traces How The Great Thinkers Within The Confucian Tradition Responded, Often Quite Differently, To These Questions As Gardner Makes Clear, Confucianism Is Still Very Much Alive Even Today The Current Chinese Government Invokes Confucian Political Ideals To Promote Its Policies, And The Chinese People Are Again Looking To Its Teachings For Moral Direction In A Time Of Rapid Socioeconomic Change


10 thoughts on “Confucianism

  1. says:

    The Adaptive Disciples Robert Bellah has said that every religion tries to remake the world in its own image, but is always to some extent remade in the image of the world. This is true of most religions, but how they are remade reflects also the extent to which, and the manner in which, they themselves actually try to remake the world.In this VSI, Gardner takes us through the beginnings of the Confucian movement where we see Confucius transmit an idealized sociopolitical vision from the early Zhou past to a select group of followers, who then keep the light alive even though the Master did not get much popular acclaim in his own day Then we follow along as the faithful followers and their disciples, over the centuries, elaborate on this vision, some emphasizing one aspect, others another, such as Mencius and Xunzi sometimes even managing to take a common tradition in entirely opposite directions Later we encounter the Neo Confucian movement, now almost a millennium after the Master s time, reacting to new developments by interpreting his core ideas from the stand point of new metaphysical concepts such as qi, li, yin and yang, among others converting the original practical vision into a universal vision that is meant to explain the how and why of the original thoughts and to explain everything else too since they are at it, all with the help of philosophical terms and concepts that would have meant little to Confucius himself Gardner maintains a firm focus on this realm of ideas, showing us how the original vision of the Master has been adapted into such a variety of interpretative shapes over the centuries And this adaptability is the primary reason why confucianism has managed to stay relevant for such an astoundingly long time It is a religious philosophical tradition that has managed to continuously adapt and remain relevant over time And I would venture that while Confucius himself deserves our respect for creating a philosophy with such an encompassing vision so suited to his people, no small credit is due to the fact that the keepers of the tradition were the very top brass of this wide country and it was their capacity for innovation and creative adaption that has allowed the tradition to reinvent itself so elegantly and relevantly every time They have shown a unique capacity to hold fast to tradition without slipping into a dogmatic slumber that would let modernity pass them by, and even if they did occasionally they have been alert enough to pick up on it and take positive action in defense of their philosophy, shaping its message to address the pressing issues of the day If only every religious and philosophical tradition was in such capable hands, we would have fewer dogmatic religions and enlightened ones And a less dangerous world.


  2. says:

    Read this to use as a source for my essay on Confucianism in Ancient East Asian societies.


  3. says:

    This one was really good, exactly the right level of detail for an introduction and as pacey and involving as a thriller At times I found it hard not to draw lazy parallels with familiar territory Oh so he s kind of like the Chinese Hobbes I thought when reading the chapter on Xunzi, but Gardner steers the reader past that, and the even lazier temptation of just shrugging oh man, it s just so different, with ease Really recommended.


  4. says:

    Wow I found this book riveting It was concise and well written It didn t cover everything, but it certainly whetted my appetite for It gave a basic introduction to Confucius ideas, the developments of Mencius and Xunzi, the philosophies of Zhu Xi s Neo Confucianism, and the practical realities for Confucianism through the twentieth and twenty first centuries The story made connections and made all sorts of pennies drop into place for me Is it too nerdy to say it was exciting So many ah moments that made my heart race I can t wait to learn I thoroughly recommend it as a first toe into the subject Sigh, there is not enough time in one lifetime to read all the books I want to read


  5. says:

    Confucianism A Very Short Introduction, by Daniel K Gardner, is something I picked up in the hopes of filling some of those gaps in my knowledge of world philosophy which, if we re being honest, is not stellar to begin with At 120 easy to read pages, Gardner work was a very enjoyable primer on one of the most important worldviews in world history.The book begins with an overview of Confucian himself and his life Apart from the Master s own somewhat suspect historicity, Gardner walks us through how many of Confucianism s major works, such as the Analects, were not the transcribed speeches of a great sage but synthesized over centuries, in a manner not dissimilar to how the Old and New Testaments gradually composed their canonical contents.There s an overview of the teachings of Confucianism what I can only assume is a good if broad survey touching on everything from filial piety to proper governance There are indeed many elements of Confucian tradition I found cause to admire self cultivation through education, the value placed on helping others, meritocracy, the will of the people expressed through the Mandate of Heaven, etc and plenty not to, including an overemphasis on hierarchy and devotion doubly so with regards to women , a distaste for commerce, etc One cannot help but be disheartened by the soul crushing effect of the Imperial examination system, whose meritocratic intentions reduced learning to rote memorization and repetition Gardner goes on to describe some of the later debates within the school of Confucius I find myself siding with Xunzi over Mencius, and unfortunately backed the wrong horse , as well as Neo Confucianism, which had the misfortune of tossing in a qi centric metaphysical system to a perfectly serviceable philosophical tradition.There s a brief overview of the downfall of Confucianism in the 20th century both at the hands of the early republicans and later the Maoist purges as well as its pseudo rehabilitation in the post Deng era you ll need to read elsewhere for the details, though The bibliography is better than expected.


  6. says:

    Confucius core beliefs 1 Man can become a sage2 Moral goodness results from self cultivation3 Learning is self cultivation process4 Vanguard elite is essential in promoting morality among the people5 Good governance depends on the virtue of the ruler, to create a condition where people can become good and society can become harmoniousAnother good point Confusius emphasize the importance of learning He once said in a hamlet of ten households, there are sure to be those who in loyalty and trustworthiness are my equal, but none who are my equal in love of learning Ritual in every activity to make you focus on what you are doing.


  7. says:

    A great introduction to this often misunderstood belief system I appreciate this book for going into Xun Zi, a successor to Confucius, who isn t well known in the West but holds some fascinating insight in his own works.


  8. says:

    Informative and clear It s not really a four star book, except by comparison to some of the other books in the VSI series It does exactly what it s supposed to do give the key elements of the thing in an accessibly introductory way.


  9. says:

    I am taking a course on East Asia and this is one of the many books they gave to me I learned so much about Confucianism I wish that the print were a little larger on this book, older aged eye complaints I have several other books related to this class that I hope to complete this week


  10. says:

    I enjoy this series and will definitely read others in fields outside my own traditional interests I understand the necessary limitations for a short introduction, but I wish the author gave a little attention to Wang Yangming as well as how Confucianism evolved to be a religion beginning with the widespread construction of temples devoted to Confucius through China during the Tang Dynasty Bibliography is good mainly Western scholarship.


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